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Old 04-29-2006, 11:48 AM
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need help to build it
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Old 04-30-2006, 01:48 AM
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Here is some information from this site.

Step 1
Location, Location, Location! First and foremost, locate and mark
out your
Pondless Waterfall Basin Area before you do anything.

    [*]By using a garden hose you can easily create the desired shape for
    your basin.
    [*]It is important that you make sure your Pondless basin design does
    not exceed the amount of liner that you have in your Pondless
    Waterfall Kit
    [*]Be sure to position the Biofalls waterfall unit so that it faces
    your house, bedroom, gazebo, barbeque or whatever destination spot
    that is most important to you for maximum viewing pleasure.
    [*]Once you have made a decision on the shape for your basin, use a
    can of orange upside down construction spray paint and outline the
    shape (around the hose) on the grass or dirt.

    Step 2
    Place Biofall Waterfall Unit into Perfect

      [*]The position the Filter can seriously make or break you feature, so be
      sure it's facing your main viewing area.
      [*]If possible, we recommend placing the BIOFALLS six or eight feet from
      the basin, to create a short stream to meander between your waterfall and
      your Pondless basin.


      Step 3

      Lay Out Your Plumbing Before Digging

        [*]Save time and money by eliminating the need to dig a trench! Simply lay
        out the PVC flex pipe along your stream ant the edge of your basin, before
        [*]Should you decide to trench for the plumbing, dig the trench deep enough
        to cover the pipe with a few inches of soil, to benefit your plantings.
        [*]In a perfect world the PVC flex pipe should be on a slight decline from
        the BIOFALLS to the Snorkel for ease of annual cleaning.


        Step 4

        Plumb and Level the BIOFALLS Filter
        Installing the Bulkhead:

          [*]First off, before leveling the Biofalls unit, install the two bulkheads
          into the back of the BIOFALLS filter. The unit is predrilled with two
          openings on the back allowing you several plumbing options

          1. For single pump installation, glue your PVC flex pipe to one of the
          bulkhead fittings, and simply cap the other bulkhead (fitting included in
          the Pondless Waterfall kit).

          2. For two pump installation, attach both PVC flex pipes, one to each
          [*]Drain Kit option- A drain kit can be attached to the second bulkhead
          fitting on single pump installation applications. The drain kit allows you
          the ability to perform water changes more easily and makes your annual
          cleaning of the filter much easier.

            [*]Install the bulkhead fittings in the predrilled holes provided in the
            back of the BIOFALLS. The rubber washer should be located on the inside of
            the BIOFALLS and the plastic washer on the outside. First, hand tighten
            the nut on the outside and then finish with a large pair of channel lock
            pliers until the rubber washer begins to bulge. This should only be
            approximately one full turn past hand tight. Beware of over tightening the
            nut, which could possibly crack the bulkhead. Note that the bulkhead
            fitting is reverse threaded. So, righty tighty, lefty loosey doesn't apply
            here. In other words, turn the nut counterclockwise to tighten it.
            [*]You can install the PVC MPT (Male Pipe Thread) to slip fitting into the
            desired bulkhead to receive the pump plumbing. The PVC plug fitting is
            provided and can be installed in the second bulkhead fitting if it is not
            going to be utilized. We recommend using some of the silicone sealant
            included in your Pondless Waterfall Kit or Teflon tape (not included) to
            coat the threads of the fittings, in order to provide a watertight seal.

              [*]Once this is complete, it's time to position the BIOFALLS in the desired

              [*]We recommend setting The BIOFALLS at or slightly below the grade of the
              yard. Remove a section of sod if needed or just a few inches of soil in
              order to create a firm foundation for the BIOFALLS to live.

              DESIGNER TIP- Don't build a volcano waterfall, keep the waterfall to the
              scale of the yard. Your goal should be to create the illusion that Mother
              Nature herself has installed the waterfall. Avoid creating a "volcanic

                [*]by trying to raise the BIOFALLS up four or five high in a perfectly
                flat backyard.

                [*]The area beneath the BIOFALLS box must be compacted thoroughly by using
                a hand tamper. This will help prevent the filter box from possibly
                settling in the future.

                  [*]Use a two-foot bubble level in order to make sure your BIOFALLS is
                  properly set into position. It is important that your BIOFALLS be level
                  from side to side and tilted forward at of a bubble on a 2' level. This
                  will ensure the water comes over the front of the BIOFALLS and covers the
                  entire spillway.

                  Glue the Flexible PVC Pipe:

                  [*]Now the filter is ready for the flexible PVC to be primered and glued
                  into place using the PVC cement you will find in you Pondless Kit,
                  specified for use with flexible piping.
                  [*]Prime both the inside of the PVC fitting and the outside of the pipe
                  where the flexible PVC cement will be applied.[/list]

                    [*]After priming is complete, apply the specific PVC cement to the fitting
                    and the PVC pipe and fit the two pieces together, turning slightly as you
                    push them together.

                    [*]It is recommended that you hold the pipe into the fitting for at least
                    60 seconds to allow the glue to slightly set.
                    [*]Wait approximately 10-15 minutes to let the glue completely set before
                    you begin to backfill the filter with soil and bury the connection.
                    [*]Before backfilling around the filter, you should install the support
                    racks. Otherwise, you may not be able to get it in place before you get
                    out of control with the tamper and tweak the Biofalls.
                    [*]It is also recommend that someone stand inside the filter box to keep it
                    level and in place and while it's being backfilled and tamped.
                    [*]The excavated soil from the Pondless basin can be backfilled around the
                    sides and back of the BIOFALLS filter. Tamp the soil during backfilling in
                    order to reduce settling. Any additional soil can be spread around the far
                    side of the pondless feature in order to create a planting bed for
                    perennials and annuals.
                    [*]Take the extra time to double check and make sure the BIOFALLS is still
                    level after installing the plumbing.

                    [/list] Step 5 Begin Excavating Your Pondless Basin
                    (Design Shape and Depth)

                      [*]This is one of the more labor-intense tasks, so pace yourself and get
                      some friends and family to help you.
                      [*]We don't suggest excavating the basin more than 24[/list]

                        [*]deep. At this depth
                        it will provide the proper water volume in the basin to operate your
                        waterfall and a short meandering stream
                        [*]All of the soil removed from the excavation should be spread and
                        compacted around the BIOFALLS filter. The filter box should be completely
                        surrounded by soil by the end of the excavation.

                        ON LEVELING

                        While excavating, it is important to make sure that all of the edges
                        around the basin are level. This will help you to avoid any unexpected low
                        edges. There are several different tools methods that you can use to
                        level, depending on the resources that are available to you. The most
                        accurate method is a transit, either sight or laser. Take several readings
                        around the perimeter of your basin. Transits can be rented or bought,
                        however, may not be the most practical option for a one-time installation.
                        The two other commonly used options that utilize household items and may
                        be more convenient.[*]One, you can take a standard straight 2"x4 board and
                        lay it across the basin with the two foot level you used to set your
                        Biofalls on the center. The level will prove if the two sides are even,
                        and all the edges can be measured in the same way, by altering the angle
                        of the board across the pondless basin. The second household method that
                        can be used is a line level. A line level is basically a small bubble
                        level that can be attached to the end of a string. The other end of the
                        string should then attached to a stake that is placed at any point around
                        the perimeter of your basin. The level can then be walked around the edges
                        of the basin and readings are taken at several different locations to
                        ensure the sides are even. Remember, that your basin does not have to be
                        perfectly level, but general readings should be taken to avoid any major

                        Step 6 Install the Underlayment and EPDM Liner

                          [*]Once your excavation is complete remove any sharp objects from the hole
                          that could possibly damage the liner.

                          [*]Then unfold the Geo-textile Underlayment fabric and place it into your
                          excavated Pondless Waterfall basin. Start at the bottom of the basin and
                          remove the slack from the Underlayment; making sure it conforms to your
                          basin. [/list]

                            [*]Now it is time to install the EPDM liner on top of the Underlayment.
                            [*]This installation process is the same as the Underlayment, remember to
                            start at the bottom and contour the liner up and out of the Pondless
                            Waterfall basin.

                            [*]Try to remove the large fold, but the main goal is to make sure that
                            it's lying flat and going into all corners. It is not necessary to get it
                            perfect - you will be hiding the liner with rocks and gravel soon.
                            [*]Be sure the liner is high enough around the edges of the basin. This
                            won't be a problem provided you measured out the Pondless Basin and
                            excavated it correctly. Problem edges can be fixed easily by readjusting
                            the liner into the excavation, and backfilling (making the basin smaller)
                            in areas where there is not enough liner, or by simply buying a larger

                            [/list] Step 7

                            Setting the Micro Snorkel and Micro Centipede

                              [*]Once the underlayment and liner is in place Position the Micro Snorkel
                              and Micro Centipede into the proper spot at the bottom of the basin, of
                              course on top of the liner.


                              Step 8 Install Rock and Gravel
                              Rocking in the Pondless Waterfall

                                [*]We use 2 to 3 size of ugly gravel to fill the Pondless basin up to
                                within a few inches from the top. A finishing layer of decorative gravel
                                should be added to the top few inches.
                                [*]Now set larger boulders (6"-18") around the perimeter of the basin to
                                support the edges of the basin. The PVC flexible plumbing from the
                                filter should be brought over a slightly lowered edge of the
                                liner and to the location of the Pondless Snorkel Vault. Accent boulders
                                and gravel will be used to hide the plumbing.


                                Step 9 Rinsing the Rocks and Gravel

                                  [*]With a garden hose, rinse the rocks and gravel

                                  [*]Place an Aquascape Designs clean-out pump or the pump purchased with the
                                  pondless kit in the bottom of the Snorkel. Use discharge hose or an extra
                                  section of PVC Flex pipe to pump the muddy water out of the basin. This
                                  step helps the pondless feature clear up faster.

                                  [/list] Step 10 Hook up the Pump and Plumbing

                                    [*]The flexible PVC pipe from the Filter can be cut to the proper length
                                    and inserted through the precut slot on the side of the Pondless Snorkel
                                    Vault. Be sure to prime and glue the end of the PVC flex pipe and fitting
                                    on the end of the check valve assembly. While gluing, remember to hold the
                                    pipe into the fitting for at least 60 seconds to allow the glue to set up.
                                    The cord from your Aquascape pump can be buried just beneath the stone and
                                    gravel and run over to the electrical outlet.


                                    Step 11 Fill Pond/Basin with Water

                                      [*]Begin to fill up the Pondless basin with water. It is typically filled
                                      up to just below the decorative gravel.

                                      [/list] Step 12 Build the Waterfall and Meandering Stream

                                        [*]You will need to do a little preparation work before building your dream
                                        waterfall. It is recommended that you read the section about Stream
                                        Construction that is if you plan on creating a stream. *
                                        [*]You can also refer to the book Ecosystem Pond for more information on
                                        Stream and Waterfall construction.[/list]

                                          [*]You have two options when attaching the lip for the Filter:

                                          1. The reversible waterfall snout can be attached facing outward. This
                                          method is recommended for first time installers providing a solid ledge
                                          cantilevering off the front of the Filter to build the waterfall's

                                          2. The reversible waterfall snout can also be attached facing inward. This
                                          method allows more creativity when constructing the waterfalls allowing
                                          the designer a flat unobstructed BIOFALLS filter face for placing large
                                          boulders on the left and right side of the unit.

                                          Installing the Filter Waterfall Snout[/list]

                                            [*]Prior to installing the waterfall snout make sure the face of the
                                            BIOFALLS and liner is clean, and free of dust and debris. Use a damp towel
                                            to clean both surfaces.[/list]

                                              [*]Hold the liner up against the face of the filter, covering the
                                              U-shape spillway opening. Be sure to leave slack at the base of the filter
                                              to avoid stretching the liner when rocks are stacked to build the

                                              NOTE: Ignore this step if you are installing the waterfall snout outward
                                              and proceed to the next step.
                                              [*]For inward installation you will need to cut two vertical slits into the
                                              liner along the left and right side of the opening. The flap of liner can
                                              simply fall into the inside of the BIOFALLS filter when attaching the
                                              waterfall snout.
                                              [*]Temporarily install the waterfall snout and liner to the BIOFALLS filter
                                              loosely with the two top corner screws and one center screw below the
                                              waterfall snout. Using an awl or nail, poke the first hole through the
                                              waterfall snout and liner penetrating into the corresponding threaded
                                              insert on the BIOFALLS filter. Remove the awl or nail while holding the
                                              waterfall snout and liner in place, and begin threading one of the screws
                                              into the filter. Repeat this process for the screw on the opposite side.
                                              When installing the waterfall snout inward we recommend installing a third
                                              temporary screw at the center most screw hole along the bottom.[/list]

                                                [*]Now remove the waterfall snout trying to keep the screws still
                                                penetrating through the liner. These screws will serve as your guide when
                                                reinstalling the waterfall snout.
                                                [*]Apply a thick bead of fish-safe silicone sealant around the BIOFALLS
                                                opening. The bead should follow the path of the threaded inserts (connect
                                                the dots).[/list]

                                                  [*]Reattach the BIOFALLS waterfall snout using the pre-installed screws as
                                                  your guide. We recommend threading the lower center one first when
                                                  installing the waterfall snout in the inward direction.
                                                  [*]With all temporary screws secured back into position, you may now
                                                  install. Punch the remaining screw holes with the awl or nail and thread
                                                  in the remaining screws.[/list]

                                                    [*]Outward waterfall snout position will require the liner to be trimmed
                                                    back at this point.
                                                    [*]Let dry for at least 1 hour before introducing water.

                                                    Filter Media
                                                    [*]Filter media is not included with the Pondless Waterfall unit. The
                                                    aggregate in the basin provides a much larger surface area for bacteria to
                                                    grow than the filter media do.

                                                    Rock Tray

                                                    [*]The BIOFALLS filter comes with an upper support rack that also serves as
                                                    an easy way to help disguise the filter into the landscape using small
                                                    boulders, aquatic plant, and gravel. Arrange the stones, gravel and plants
                                                    in the rack in such a way as to hide the back and top of the filter.
                                                    [*]The rack sits in the upper portion of the BIOFALLS.

                                                    Creating the Waterfall
                                                    [*]Place two larger boulders on either side of the waterfalls you are
                                                    creating in order to "frame the waterfalls. The water will be running
                                                    between the two larger boulders you've set in place.[/list]

                                                      [*]You can now begin to stack the rocks between the two larger boulders.
                                                      These are the rocks that the water will be running over, so take your time
                                                      and be creative. Start with the larger rocks on the bottom and work your
                                                      way up to the smaller ones on top.
                                                      [*]Small stones and gravel can be used to fill in the gaps between the
                                                      larger waterfall's stones.[/list]

                                                        [*]The BIOFALLS is designed with a plastic lip for the water to cascade
                                                        off. You can use the BIOFALLS plastic waterfall stone or even piece(s) of
                                                        thin (no more than [*]thick) natural slate. This stone can be attached to
                                                        the BIOFALLS using black waterfall foam. The black waterfall foam will
                                                        come in handy when filling other gaps between the stones that water is
                                                        flowing over. The foam keeps the water flowing over the top of the
                                                        waterfall stones. Without the black waterfall foam, you may lose some of
                                                        the impact of your waterfall as water travels beneath the rocks.[/list]

                                                          [*]Place smaller rocks on the rock ledge inside the MicroFalls to help hide
                                                          it in the landscape. The rock tray inside the BIOFALLS filter will help
                                                          disguise the rest of the unit into the landscape.

                                                          Waterfall Lights
                                                          [*]After the boulders are in position, set your waterfall accent lights.
                                                          The Lights can be placed beneath the waterfalls shining upwards. See
                                                          lighting system instructions for placement, positioning and installation
                                                          of waterfall lights. [/list]

                                                            Building the Stream
                                                            [*]Placing the BIOFALLS filter away from the edge of the pond is always a
                                                            good idea. This allows the creation of a meandering stream to add a touch
                                                            of nature to your water garden.
                                                            [*]We typically place the BIOFALLS filter 6-10 feet from the edge of the
                                                            pond. Twisting and turning the stream makes it look more natural, and will
                                                            require a minimum of 10'x15' piece of liner.

                                                            Excavation of the Stream
                                                            [*]Lay out the stream from the BIOFALLS filter to the pond. The typical
                                                            width of a stream should be between 2-4 feet wide (NOTE: the wider the
                                                            stream, the less movement of water you will have). Vary the width of the
                                                            stream throughout to mimic what would occur in nature. [/list]

                                                              [*]Excavate the stream to a depth of 6 inches to 1 foot. Vary the depth in
                                                              the corners and in smaller pools along the run of the stream to allow
                                                              water to pool in those areas.

                                                              [*]If your stream is being built on a slope, you will need to create a few
                                                              waterfalls in it. To hold the water back when the pump is shut off, you
                                                              need to build a check dam at each waterfall.
                                                              [*]To make the stream look much more natural, you should place some larger
                                                              boulders into it. To make this work properly, excavate the area where the
                                                              rock will be placed a few inches deeper. This will allow the rock to sit
                                                              into the bottom of the stream, not just on the streambed.
                                                              [*]Once you have the stream excavated, you can place the liner into it.

                                                              Installation of Liner and Rocks
                                                              [*]Connect the liner to the BIOFALLS filter as described above.
                                                              [*]Where the liner overlaps the pond, you will not need to seam the liners
                                                              together as long as you have a 6 inch waterfall or higher. Simply overlap
                                                              the stream liner over the top of the pond liner.

                                                              [*]Place rocks of varying sizes around the perimeter of the stream. During
                                                              excavation of the stream, you dug a few areas where larger rocks will go.
                                                              Put some of the Black Waterfall Foam into these divots and place the rocks
                                                              on top. The foam will allow the water to b diverted around and over the
                                                              rocks instead of underneath them.

                                                              [/list] Step 13 Bring in the Topsoil

                                                                [*]Add topsoil to the berm and surrounding area in order to provide a good
                                                                substrate for future landscape plantings.

                                                                [*]The entire area may be mulched and any plant material installed if

                                                                [/list] Step 14 Build the Retaining Wall

                                                                  [*]Finish off the berm where the BIOFALLS is buried by building a small
                                                                  retaining wall out of boulders. This step may or may not be needed,
                                                                  depending on the size of the berm and the transition into the existing


                                                                  Step 15 Plug in and Tweak the Waterfalls

                                                                    [*]As soon as the Pondless water feature is filled and all of the black
                                                                    waterfalls foam is dry (if used on project), you may plug the pump in and
                                                                    test the waterfall.
                                                                    [*]You can "tweak[*]the waterfall by placing smaller stones and gravel on
                                                                    the waterfall cascades. This will change the appearance and sound of the
                                                                    water. Have fun playing with the water coming over the falls until you
                                                                    achieve the desired effect.


                                                                    Step 16

                                                                    Trim the Liner

                                                                      [*]With everything running, go around the perimeter of the pond with a pair
                                                                      of scissors and trim off any excess liner, always leaving several inches
                                                                      above the water level as a precaution. The remaining liner edges can be
                                                                      covered with gravel.

                                                                      Note: Do not trim the liner until the waterfall is running and the pond is
                                                                      filled to the desired level. Prematurely trimming the liner may cause

                                                                      [/list] Step 17 Mulch the Berm

                                                                        [*]The entire area surrounding the pond can now be mulched and any
                                                                        surrounding plants added.

                                                                        [/list] Step 18 Clean Up

                                                                          [*]You're at the final stages of the project! All that is needed now is to
                                                                          clean up the mess you've made around the yard

                                                                          [/list] Step 19

                                                                          Owner's Manual and Beneficial Bacteria

                                                                            [*]Refer to the following pages in the instruction booklet for care and
                                                                            maintenance of your new water feature.

                                                                            [*]The Signature Series Pondless Waterfall kits include water treatments
                                                                            designed to reduce maintenance and keep the water crystal clear. Contact
                                                                            your installer or supplier for more information on the complete water
                                                                            treatment line available from Aquascape Designs.

                                                                            [/list] Step 20 Enjoy!

                                                                              [*]No further explanation needed for this step![/list]

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